Selenium WebDriver Methods

Selenium WebDriver Methods

selenium Syntax for WebDriver Methods

Syntax for WebDriver Methods

  1. Creating New Instance Of Firefox Driver – this will open an new Empty browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

  1. Command To Open URL In Browser


This syntax will open specified URL of software web application in web browser.

  1. Clicking on any element or button of webpage

driver.findElement(“id of any element or button”)).click();

  1. Store text of targeted element in variable – This will retrieve text from targeted element of software web application page and will store it in variable = suresh

String suresh = driver.findElement(By.tagName(“select”)).getText();

  1. Typing text in text box or text area.

driver.findElement(“txtboxname”)).sendKeys(“My First Name”);

  1. Applying Implicit wait in webdriver – This syntax will force webdriver to wait for 15 second if element not found on page of software web application.

driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(15, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

  1. Applying Explicit wait in webdriver – This will wait for till 15 seconds for expected text “Time left: 7 seconds” to be appear on targeted element.

WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, 15);

wait.until(ExpectedConditions.textToBePresentInElementLocated(By.xpath(“xpathofelement”), “Time left: 7 seconds”));

  1. Get page title in selenium webdriver


  1. Get Current Page URL In Selenium WebDriver- It will retrieve current page URL and you can use it to compare with your expected URL.


  1. Get domain name using java script executor – This will retrieve your software application’s domain name using webdriver’s java script executor interface and store it in to variable.

JavascriptExecutor javascript = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;

String CurrentURLUsingJS=(String)javascript.executeScript(“return document.domain”);

  1. Generate alert using webdriver’s java script executor interface — It will generate alert during your selenium webdriver test case execution.

JavascriptExecutor javascript = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;

javascript.executeScript(“alert(‘Test Case Execution Is started Now..’);”);

  1. Selecting or Deselecting value from drop down in selenium webdriver.

Select By Visible Text– It will select value from drop down list using visible text

value = “Audi”.

Select mydrpdwn = new Select(driver.findElement(“Carlist”)));


Select By Value- It will select value by value = “Italy”.

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


Select By Index- It will select value by index= 0(First option).

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


Deselect by Visible Text- It will deselect option by visible text = Russia from list box.

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


Deselect by Value- It will deselect option by value = Mexico from list box.

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


Deselect by Index- It will deselect option by value = Mexico from list box.

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


It will deselect option by Index = 5 from list box.

Deselect All – It will remove all selections from list box of software application’s page.

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));


isMultiple()-It will return true if select box is multiselect else it will return false

Select listbox = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//select[@name=’FromLB’]”)));

boolean value = listbox.isMultiple();

  1. Navigate to URL or Back or Forward in Selenium Webdriver – 1st command will navigate to specific URL, 2nd will navigate one step back and 3rd command will navigate one step forward.




  1. Verify Element Present in Selenium WebDriver — It will return true if element is present on page, else it will return false in variable iselementpresent.

Boolean iselementpresent =driver.findElements(By.xpath(“//input[@id=’text2′]”)).size()!= 0;

  1. Capturing entire page screenshot in Selenium WebDriver – It will capture page screenshot and store it in your D: drive.

File screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot)driver).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);

FileUtils.copyFile(screenshot, new File(“D:\\screenshot.jpg”));

  1. Generating Mouse Hover Event In WebDriver– This will move mouse on targeted element.

Actions actions = new Actions(driver);

WebElement moveonmenu = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’menu1′]/div”));


  1. Handling Multiple Windows In Selenium WebDriver.

Get All Window Handles.—This will give you to get window handle and then how to switch from one window to another window.

Set<String> AllWindowHandles = driver.getWindowHandles();

Extract parent and child window handle from all window handles.

String window1 = (String) AllWindowHandles.toArray()[0];

String window2 = (String) AllWindowHandles.toArray()[1];

Use window handle to switch from one window to other window.


  1. Check Whether Element is Enabled Or Disabled In Selenium Web driver- This will verify that element (text box) fname is enabled or not. You can use it for any input element.

boolean fname = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//input[@name=’fname’]”)).isEnabled(); System.out.print(fname);

  1. Selenium WebDriver Assertions With TestNG Framework


Assert.assertEquals(actual, expected);

assertEquals assertion helps you to assert actual and expected equal values.


Assert.assertNotEquals(actual, expected);

assertNotEquals assertion is useful to assert not equal values.



assertTrue assertion works for boolean value true assertion.



assertFalse assertion works for boolean value false assertion.

  1. Submit() method to submit form driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//input[@name=’Company’]”)).submit(); It will submit the form.
  2. Handling Alert, Confirmation and Prompts Popups

String myalert = driver.switchTo().alert().getText(); To store alert text.

driver.switchTo().alert().accept(); To accept alert.

driver.switchTo().alert().dismiss(); To dismiss confirmation.

driver.switchTo().alert().sendKeys(“This Is John”); To type text In text box of prompt popup.

22.Handling DRAG and DROP

WebDriver d = new FirefoxDriver();

Actions a=new Actions(d);



23.Handling the frames in Webdriver

To Enter/Select the Frame – driver.switchTo().frame(“frameid/name / index”)

To Exit from Frame – driver.switchTo().defaultContent()

  1. CALENDAR popups –/*IRCTC calendar*/

driver.findElement(“calendar_icon1”)).click(); driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’CalendarControl’]/table[tbody[tr[td[text()=’October 2012′]]]]/descendant::a[text()=’5′]”)).click();

  1. Context Click (Right Click)

WebElement parentMenu = driver.findElement(By.linkText(“Tourist Trains”)); Actions act = new Actions(driver); //Create Action object for Driver act.contextClick(parentMenu).build().perform(); //Context Click act.sendKeys(Keys.ARROW_RIGHT).build().perform(); Thread.sleep(1000); act.sendKeys(Keys.ARROW_DOWN).build().perform(); Thread.sleep(1000); act.sendKeys(Keys.ENTER).build().perform();

  1. Other Browser (Internet Explorer)

System.setProperty(“”,”D:l\\browserdrivers\\IEDriverServer.exe”); WebDriver driver =new InternetExplorerDriver();


  1. Other Browser (Chrome)

System.setProperty(“”,”D:\\browserdrivers\\Chromedriver.exe”); WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();


  1. Using Auto-IT tool -To handle windows authentication and calling that code in Selenium

–Auto-IT code

WinWaitActive(“Authentication Required”)


Send(“{TAB} admin{TAB} {ENTER}”)

Save the file as default save.(Authentication1.exe)

Calling AutoIT .exe file in selenium

Process P = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(“D:\\AUTOIT\\Authentication1.exe”);

29.File download using RobotClass

Robot robot = new Robot();

//it clicks on SaveFile Radio btn






//Clicks on OK btn




System.out.println(“File downloaded successfully”);

30.File Uplad using WebDriver

WebElement fileInput = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//input[@type=’file’][@name=’photofile’]”));

fileInput.sendKeys(“C:\\Users\\Public\\Pictures\\Sample Pictures\\Desert.jpg”);


System.out.println(“File uploaded successfully”);

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